All political parties running in the election campaign consider job creation and promoting businesses as top priorities for the next government's economic policy. However, the ruling Socialists and main opposition Fidesz have not offered actual details in their programs.
Apart from competition, employment must be in the focus of the economic policy, Fidesz's program says, blaming Hungary's low employment rate for the imbalance and poor growth rate of the national economy.
Similarly, the Socialists think that “jobs, a secure existence and decent prosperity” must be ensured to both individuals and companies - but “those objectives should not be in conflict with social justice,” their program says.
Fidesz's program repeats the party's long-held position that one million new jobs are required in the next ten years for stability and sustainable growth, but it does not specify how many jobs should be created in the next four-year election cycle.
The Socialists suggest that the economy could be put back on the growth course in 2010 through maintaining fiscal rigor and economic growth could be above three percent next year. Their program is committed to continuing the current technocrat government's “responsible, balanced and prudent” economic policy.
The green Politics Can Be Different advocates a “sustainable future” and rejects economic growth as an objective in itself. A “good government” considers the economy as a tool, rather than a goal, to ensure maximum benefits for society through a sustainable, limited use of resources, the party's program says. “We want to see a green shift: economic growth by elevating the poor and returning them to the labor market, by developing the human assets rather than injecting capital into industries using too much raw material and energy,” the document adds.
The small conservative Democratic Forum advocates a minimum 3% economic growth per annum and a public finance deficit of not more than 3% of GDP as basic requirements. The party's program calls for a smaller state and changes in its structure, one which “helps businesses rather than hinders their activities”.
Radical nationalist Jobbik thinks that limitations should be based on the economy in order to achieve a decent environment and life and “to serve Hungarian interests”. Jobbik is committed to the image of a “strong and rich Hungary”, promoted by a strong state actively involved in the economy. According to their program, the state could be the economic force which can “control multinational, global endeavors” and ensure assistance and equal opportunities for domestic players. (MTI-Econews)