Russia, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan agreed to build a gas pipeline along the Caspian coast and will sign the deal by September 1, a joint declaration of the three presidents said Saturday.
The pipeline will run from Turkmenistan along the Caspian coast of Kazakhstan and on to Russia, the sole re-exporter of the Turkmen gas. It is a rival project to a US-sponsored Trans-Caspian pipeline across the Caspian Sea to carry Turkmen gas to southern Europe bypassing Russia. Following their summit meeting in Turkmenistan, Vladimir Putin, Nursultan Nazarbayev and Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov instructed their governments to start the construction of the pipeline from the second half of 2008. Putin also said the restoration of Soviet-era Central Asia Center pipelines going to Russia via Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan would make it possible to increase transportation by at least 12 billion cubic meters by 2012.
Russia's energy minister, Viktor Khristenko, said the 1974 pipeline system was capable of transporting more than 90 billion cu m a year after repair. „Two declarations that were signed today basically outline the future development of the largest infrastructure projects in the entire Central Asia,” he said. Alexei Miller, the CEO of Russian energy giant Gazprom, said the Caspian pipeline project and the Soviet pipeline system, once restored, would help raise supplies of Turkmen gas to 80 billion cubic meters a year within the Russia-Turkmenistan contract until 2028.
In September, Russia and Turkmenistan agreed on terms of Turkmen gas supplies for 2007-2009 at a price of $100 per 1,000 cubic meters and set the volume at 50 billion cubic meters a year. In 2006, Russia imported via Kazakhstan 39 billion cubic meters of gas from Turkmenistan, 9 billion from Uzbekistan, and 7.5 billion from Kazakhstan proper. In 2007, Central Asian supplies to Russia are expected to be 55.7 billion. Despite the agreement on the Caspian pipeline, Turkmenistan's president said that the Trans-Caspian project bypassing Russia remained on the agenda, thereby rejecting the Russian energy minister's contrary assurances. „The whole world is looking for ways to diversify gas supplies,” Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov said.
Putin's Central Asian tour of Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan coincided with an energy summit in Poland May 11-13 aimed at reducing energy dependence on Russia. Kazakhstan's Nazarbayev, its key participant, pulled out from the forum also being attended by Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ukraine and Lithuania. The Russian leader signaled his country's readiness to invest in the development of Turkmenistan's gas field on the Caspian shelf. „Russia is ready to invest in gas production as well as in the pipeline system,” Putin told reporters. „Our energy companies have already agreed on such investment.” Russia's industry and energy minister, Viktor Khristenko, said Russian companies would develop the gas field under a production-sharing agreement (PSA), a format envisaging substantial privileges to foreign investors. „The best option is a production-sharing agreement,” Khristenko said. „This is the position of the owners of the field.” He also said Kazakh companies would fit well into the PSA. (rian.ru)