New efforts to break the deadlock between Russia and Ukraine and restore gas supplies to freezing European countries were planned on Friday, with the intervention in the dispute of a consortium of energy firms.
Paolo Scaroni, chief executive of Italian energy giant ENI SpA said late on Thursday the consortium would provide gas necessary for technical reasons to get pipelines and pumping stations working again. The move could allow gas supplies to Europe to get under way immediately, leaving the question of reimbursement for the consortium’s gas on hold until an agreement between Ukraine and Russia on their price dispute is reached.
Scaroni said the consortium would include E.ON, Gaz de France Suez and an Austrian company. ENI is Europe’s leading gas operator and largest user of the Ukraine pipeline. Scaroni discussed the consortium idea with Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin on Thursday.
Putin and Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko plan to meet in Moscow on Saturday to try to resolve the gas row, which has cut supplies to 18 states in the depths of winter, forcing many factories to close and leaving householders shivering.
There was little enthusiasm in Brussels for a separate Moscow meeting with importers proposed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev. But the EU executive said it and the Czechs -- holders of the rotating EU presidency -- would attend if Russian and Ukrainian leaders were there too.
Frustration is growing in the EU at the failure of Russia and its former Soviet vassal Ukraine to resolve the row over how much Kiev should pay Moscow for gas, or at least allow gas to flow to Europe while they argue it out. “It is clear today, even if they turn on the taps tonight and gas starts to flow, there has been irreparable, irreversible damage done, a loss of confidence in both Russia and Ukraine,” said Martin Riman, Czech industry and trade minister.
An EU-brokered deal was supposed to get supplies of Russian gas moving to Europe via Ukraine on Tuesday despite the pricing dispute. EU monitors are in place to ensure Ukraine does not siphon off gas, as Moscow has alleged it has done.
BID TO DIVIDE EU?
Brussels is concerned the meeting proposed by Medvedev in Moscow could be an attempt to divide the bloc, which has so far been relatively united on the issue. The European Union imports a fifth of its Russian gas via Ukraine. The crisis has highlighted its vulnerability to disruption and sparked a new debate about diversifying supplies.
Slovakia said on Thursday it would have to reduce supplies even to heating plants and cut off big industrial users unless Russian gas started flowing via Ukraine again by February. The row takes place against a backdrop of strained political ties between Moscow and Kiev. Russia is angered by the ambition of Ukraine’s leaders to join the NATO alliance, and by their support of Tbilisi during the Russian-Georgian war in August.
Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko held talks with British Prime Minister Gordon Brown in London on Thursday. Brown stressed the need for an “urgent resolution” of the gas problem, a spokesman said.
Moscow is seeking a sharp rise in the prices Ukraine pays for its own gas supplies. Ukraine is reeling from a severe economic downturn, with output in the key steel sector falling 43% in December compared with December 2007. (Reuters)