European Union economies have shed almost six million jobs since the global economic crisis struck in 2008, the International Labor Organization (ILO) said Monday. In a report on the European labor market, the UN agency said the employment rate across the 27-nation EU stood at 57.6% in 2012, down 1.6 percentage points on 2008. “This means that there is still a deficit of 5.9 million jobs to restore employment rates to their pre-crisis levels,” the ILO said. It underlined that despite some signs of labor market recovery that started to materialize in 2010, only five EU members - Austria, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg and Malta - have employment rates above pre-crisis levels. Countries such as Cyprus, Greece, Portugal and Spain have seen a steady decline in employment rates of more than three percentage points.