Hungary has the lowest fertility rate in the European Union after Latvia, according to the latest figures published by Eurostat, the EU's statistics agency.
The fertility rate in Hungary was 1.32 in 2009 compared to the EU average of 1.6, the same as Portugal's. According to KSH, Hungary's statistics office, women now tend to have their first babies in their early 30s rather than in their 20s, which used to be more common up until about 15 years ago.
The number of births fell to under 100,000 a year in 1998 and has remained below that level ever since. Out-of-marriage births have tripled since 1990 and now account for 41% of all births.