The U.S. Department of State published its 2015 report on human trafficking (TiP) on Monday and it appears that the ratings for Hungary are not among the best, coming in at tier two – a rank it shares with such countries as Mexico, Afghanistan, Iraq and Turkey.
The annual report presents an overview of actions being taken by countries around the world to combat modern slavery and human trafficking. In order for a country to be granted tier 1 status, it must comply with all the minimum standards of the U.S. trafficking protection act.
According to the TiP, Hungary is a “source, transit, and destination country for men, women and children subjected to forced labor and sex trafficking.” Roma women are in particular subjected to sex trafficking in Hungary and the rest of Europe, the report states, adding that the “labor trafficking of Hungarian men in Western Europe has intensified”.
Hungarians made up 18% of all trafficking victims according to an investigation by EUROPOL between 2009 and 2013. The report noted that although Hungary was making efforts to combat trafficking, more needs to be done particularly in the areas of funding for victim protection and the regulated prosecution of traffickers.