Hungary to cut gov't wage bill to limit fiscal deficit


The government plans to cut the total amount it pays its employees by 10% next year to help cap spending and ensure inflation doesn't accelerate beyond its forecast, according to a senior official who asked to remain anonymous. The government is committed to keeping inflation below 5.5%, compared with the central bank's estimate of about 7% for next year, the official said. There won't be any wage pressure in the economy because of increased fiscal spending, said the official, who is involved in drawing up the budget. That should help stabilize the forint. The forint has fallen 6.3% against the euro this month, partly on concern that government plans to raise taxes and increase regulated prices will push inflation higher and stall Hungary's adoption of the euro, planned for 2010. The prospect of faster inflation led the central bank to raise its benchmark two-week deposit rate for the first time in two-and-a-half years on June 19. Any increases in state wages next year will have to be compensated with pay cuts for other employees, the official said. The reduction will help Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány's government control the budget deficit without pushing up prices. On June 24, Gyurcsány reiterated his forecast for the annual inflation rate to return to about 3% in 2008 after accelerating next year. The rate was 2.8% in May.

Spending Limits: Hungary will cap public spending for next year at this year's budgeted level and start overhauling health care, education and pensions this year to help cut the deficit, the largest in the European Union, Gyurcsány told journalists at the end of a two-day government meeting. State-funded institutions will also be required to keep emergency reserves as a safeguard against spending overruns, he said. Neither will they be allowed to spend any money left over from previous years. The government set a timetable for the pace of reform, the premier told journalists. Stricter targets will be introduced to avoid a sixth consecutive year of overspending in 2007, he added.

Gyurcsány on June 10 said he will cut the budget deficit by Ft 350 billion ($1.6 billion) this year to reach a revised target of 8% of gross domestic product, rather than the original target of 4.7%. “The aim of the deficit cut is to create a balanced budget and the aim of the reforms is to maintain that balance,'' Gyurcsány said. “We are creating a bond between balance, reforms and development.'' Further Cuts Gyurcsány plans to reduce the budget deficit to 5% of GDP in 2007 and “near'' to 3% of GDP in 2008, he said on June 24, reiterating earlier targets. The forint has plunged to a record low on concern the government won't be able to cut the deficit enough to adopt the euro in 2010 as planned. The government's economic policies may stoke inflation, which in turn may force the central bank to raise interest rates further. At 6.25%, the benchmark rate is already the highest in the EU. The government is doing “everything possible'' to stabilize the currency, Finance Minister János Veres told journalists at the June 24 press conference. The currency reached 282.15 a euro on June 23, close to its euro parity rate of 282.36, from which it is allowed to rise or fall by 15%. It has lost 10.3% this year, the third worst performance by a European currency behind the Icelandic krona and the Turkish lira. Hungary will adopt a new convergence plan, which outlines the path to euro adoption, at a government meeting on Aug. 31. The EU gave the country until Sept. 1 to submit a revision after rejecting the original plan in January. (Bloomberg)
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