Nearly half of Hungarians live in households where poverty, unemployment or social disenfranchisement are present, a representative survey from the Tárki polling agency has found. Demarcating the poverty line as earnings of 60% of the average salary, Tárki reported that 17.7% of Hungarian citizens lived under such conditions in 2012, also the highest number seen since polling began with regime change.
Tárki also characterized 19.1% of the national population as worked poor and classified 36.7% as “living in material circumstances of severe deprivation,” the latter defined as conditions in which four of the nine “elements of well-being,” e.g. automobile, annual vacation time, adequate heating resources, are not extant.
Tárki further calculated that approximately 47% of Hungarians live in a household in which at least one of the above-mentioned descriptions apply, and that 8.1% of households experience all three conditions.
For comparison’s sake, the Central Statistics Office (KSH) reported a 32% poverty rate for Hungary for 2011; the European Union average that year was 24%. Of the EU-28, however, only Bulgaria (48%), Latvia (40%), Romania (40%), Croatia (33%) and Lithuania (33%) fared worse than Hungary on that survey.
– Material by Gergő Rácz was used in this report